The Compost Diet

Recycle for Aberdeen

This week let’s look at what materials to put in your compost bin and how they’ll break down to make finished compost. If you missed the first post in our composting series, catch up here.

Your compost bin has simple needs for a balanced diet: 50% green (or wet) materials and 50% brown (or dry) materials. Green materials are rich in nitrogen and brown materials are rich in carbon; both essential for healthy, productive soil.

Here’s a list of some of the right stuff to put in:


  • Fruit peelings and skins
  • Vegetable peelings
  • Grass cuttings
  • House plants
  • Cut or dead flowers


  • Toilet roll tubes
  • Cardboard egg cartons
  • Shredded cardboard and paper
  • Egg shells (although these can also be crushed and used as slug repellent around seedlings)
  • Twigs
  • Leaves

A few materials to avoid are:

  • Cooked food, meat and fish – these might attract rodents
  • Diseased plants
  • Weed…

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